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2 Key Vitamins For Bone Health

Although calcium is necessary for building strong bones, this nutrient alone is not enough for optimal bone health. For calcium to work, it must be absorbed and incorporated in the bones with the help of certain key co-factors.

In this article, you will discover 2 vital vitamins that work in synergistic with calcium in the bone building process. You will also learn how deficiencies in these vitamins can lead to osteoporosis and heart disease.

Vitamins K & D: The Powerful Duo For Bone Health

1. Vitamin K
Vitamin K is necessary for activating two vitamin K-dependent proteins: osteocalcin and matrix GLA-protein, for bone and heart health.

Osteocalcin
Osteocalcin is a calcium-binding protein that is involved in calcium uptake and bone metabolism. It requires vitamin K to undergo a process called gamma-carboxylation, which binds calcium in the bones. Without sufficient vitamin K, osteocalcin is not activated and does not perform its job in the bone building process. Vitamin K deficiency increases the risk of osteoporosis and fractures.

Matrix GLA-protein
This protein is an inhibitor of arterial calcification. When there is inadequate vitamin K, matrix GLA-protein is not activated so calcium is deposited in the arteries as atherosclerotic plaque. This increases the risk of heart disease and stroke.

Vitamin K plays a vital role in regulating calcium movement. It directs and keeps calcium in the bones and removes calcium from arteries. Therefore, it reduces the risk of arteriosclerosis, osteoporosis and osteoporotic fractures simulateneously.

Find out the best form and source of vitamin K for bone health here –> Vitamin K & Bone Health: What You Need To Know

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2. Vitamin D
For decades, vitamin D has been known as a vital co-factor in the bone building process. It aids in calcium absorption from the intestines and increases the availability of calcium in the body.

Vitamin D works in synergistic with calcium and vitamin K for healthy bone density. Bone tissue undergoes continuous renewal whereby osteoclast cells dissolve old bone while osteoblast cells build new bone. Osteoblasts produce a protein known as osteocalcin that moves calcium into the bones. The production of osteocalcin requires vitamin D while its activation requires vitamin K.

Vitamin D deficiency can cause rickets (bone deformities) in children, or osteopenia, osteoporosis or osteomalacia (painful bone disease) in adults. Vitamin D deficiency also increases the risk of cancers, cardiovascular disease, multiple sclerosis, rheumatoid arthritis, hypertension and type 1 diabetes mellitus

Sensible sun exposure and supplementation can prevent vitamin D deficiency. If you are taking oral vitamin D, make sure you are getting adequate amount of vitamin K. Vitamin D increases the availability of calcium in the body and levels of osteocalcin. But without sufficient vitamin K, osteocalcin remains inactive and calcium is deposited where it shouldn’t be such as the arteries, thereby increasing the risk of heart disease.

When supplementing with calcium,  you should also be getting a proper balance of calcium, vitamin D3, vitamin K2, magnesium and other trace minerals. All of these nutrients work together in supporting bone health and are found in the plant sourced calcium, Algaecal Plus.

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